Chronology and History of the Crusades

CRUSSAS (1095–1270), military colonization campaigns of Europeans in the Middle East (to Palestine, Syria, Egypt, Tunisia) at the end of the 11th–13th centuries. in the form of a pilgrimage with the aim of liberating the Holy Land (Palestine) and the Holy Sepulcher (in Jerusalem) from the “infidels” (Muslims). Going to Palestine , their participants sewed red crosses on their chests, returning, they sewed it on their backs; hence the name “crusaders”.